Spotify to MP3 Converter Online Free in 2023 [Top 14 Best]

Q: "What is the best Spotify to MP3 converter online? I want to listen to my favorite Spotify playlist on my MP3 player, but find the audio format is not compatible. Any advice would be greatly appreciated."

Spotify is an immensely popular digital music streaming service that has revolutionized the way people access and listen to music. It offers users over 100 million songs, albums, playlists, and podcasts from various genres and artists to access offline and online. But it also has some restirctions. The biggest limitation of Spotify is that you can only play Spotify music within its platform. To break it, converting Spotify to MP3 online is a good way. Then, you will be able to transfer Spotify to an MP3 player or other devices for offline entertainment without any limit. To save you time, we tested, compared, and finally came up with the top 14 best Spotify to MP3 converters online free. Read on to find your favorite!

spotify to mp3 converter online

Part 1. What Are the Factors of Choosing Spotify MP3 Converter Online?

There are a wide variety of online tools that can convert Spotify to MP3 on all devices. To find the most suitable one for your choice, please take the following important features into consideration:

✨1. Output Sound Quality. Speaking of enjoying music, most of us will put sound quality into the first place to consider. When you choose a tool, the output audio quality is the key factor in making a decision. Without a doubt, a paid tool features a lossless quality assurance.

✨2. Output Audio Format. Almost all tools mentioned in this article can support MP3 output format. But more popular output formats support, more devices you can listen to Spotify songs.

✨3. Price. There are many free converters online that can extract MP3 tracks from Spotify. But the conversion process is unstable and sometimes they crashed unexpectedly. Therefore, paid but cheaper software with charming features could be a nice choice.

✨4. Conversion Speed. To save your time and improve conversion efficiency, the conversion speed is also an important factor you need to compare among the top 14 programs. As AudFree Spotify Music Converter runs at a 5X faster speed, it's a well-deserved winner.

✨5. Compability and Regular Updates. It needs to update frequently to work well with the latest Spotify version. Also, prompt customer support can be the icing on the cake should you run into any issues.

✨6. Easy of Use. The converter should have a user-friendly interface that is easy to navigate, even for users who are not tech-savvy. The process of converting should be straightforward and intuitive.

✨7. Batch Playlist Conversion. Some converters can only download individual track, which can waste time to download a long playlist. And a batch conversion feature can save you time and effort by converting multiple tracks simultaneously.

Part 2. Top 14 Best Spotify to MP3 Converter Online [They Can Work]

#1. AudFree Spotify Music Converter

AudFree Spotify Music Converter is deservedly No.1 on the list of best tools. We select it from the perspective of compability, output audio quality, conversion speed, and output formats, etc.

It is specially designed to batch convert all Spotify content to 320 Kbps MP3 at up to 5X faster speed. There is no sound quality loss and will save all the ID3 tags such as title, artist, album cover, etc. Moreover, it's smart enough to support multiple Spotify output formats including MP3, AAC, FLAC, WAV, M4A, and M4B. Working along with the latest Spotify desktop app instead of Spotify Web Player, this online music converter provides a more stable conversion process without unexpected crashes.

What's more, no Spotify premium account is required. All Spotify free users can also use it to download Spotify music to MP3 for offline playback on any device. Besides, it helps you to organize your output Spotify library easier by automatically sorting your music by artist or album with just one click.

AudFree Spotify Music Converter

audfree spotify music converter
  • Download Spotify songs, playlists, albums, podcasts, and audiobooks
  • Support all Spotify users with or without Spotify premium
  • Convert Spotify songs to MP3, FLAC, AAC, M4A, M4B, and WAV
  • Retain metadata information, ID3 tags, and lossless sound quality

How to Convert Spotify to MP3 Online via AudFree SpoDable

Here, we will take AudFree Spotify Music Converter for Windows as an example to show you how it works in batch.

Step 1Add Spotify music to AudFree SpoDable
add spotify music to audfree spodable
Install the AudFree Spotify Music Converter and the Spotify desktop app as well on your computer. Launch this tool, drag and drop Spotify music into the conversion window to import Spotify music. Besides, you can copy and paste the link of Spotify playlist to address bar of AudFree SpoDable and click on "+" to load all Spotify songs in the playlist automatically.
Step 2Configure Spotify output format as MP3
define spotify output format as mp3
Click the "Menu" icon > "Preference" > "Convert" to open the setting window. Here, you can define the Spotify music output format as MP3 and customize other output audio parameters as you like. Besides, you can also customize the conversion speed by checking the mark after 'Conversion Speed' option.
Step 3Convert Spotify music to MP3 online at 320kbps
convert spotify to mp3 online via audfree spodable
Start converting process by clicking the "Convert" button, it will start to download Spotify songs to MP3 files at a 5X speed. After that, you can locate Spotify MP3 tracks in the target output folder by pressing the 'history' icon.
Video TutorialHow AudFree Spotify Music Converter Works

● Convert Spotify songs to multiple audio formats
● No quality loss and very stable
● Automatically sort Spotify MP3 songs by artist or album
● Customize Spotify music output parameters
● Run at a super-fast 5X speed
● Keep ID3 tags intact
● Available for Spotify free users and premium users

● The full conversion is only available for a fee


● Free trial
● 1-month license: $14.95
● 1-quarter license: $29.95
● lifetime license: $79.95

✨Recommends: ⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️

#2. AudFree Audio Capture

AudFree Audio Capture is neat, light and smart enough to rip and download Spotify music to MP3 online. As its name suggests, it is capable of recording any sound playing on your computer. It can preserve extremely high quality and all the metadata information of recordings.

It allows you to capture and record MP3 from the Spotify app or web player without any problem. With the built-in editing function, you can trim Spotify MP3 recordings into small segments or merge multiple Spotify songs into a new track. Then it’s able to edit all ID3 info of Spotify tracks according to your needs. In addition to MP3, this intelligent audio capture also supports other output audio formats such as AAC, WAV, FLAC and M4B.

audfree audio capture

How to Use AudFree Audio Capture

Step 1. Double-click to open AudFree Audio Capture and touch the "+" button to add the Spotify app or Chrome to access Spotify Web Player.

Step 2. Click the "Format" button to set the output Spotify music format as MP3. In this step, you can personalize other output settings for Spotify MP3 downloads.

Step 3. Touch the 'Chrome' or 'Spotify' icon to discover and play songs, playlists, or albums that you'd like to record on Spotify online. Then it can automatically launch the recording process.

Step 4. Quit the Chrome or Spotify app or click to "Stop" to end playing Spotify tracks. It will stop recording and saving Spotify playlist to MP3 online.

● Capture and record all sounds playing on Mac and Windows computers
● Rip Spotify songs to MP3, FLAC, WAV and more for offline listening
● Split, cut, trim and merge Spotify MP3 audio as you wish
● Built-in intelligent ID3 tag editor and multi-track audio capture

● A fee is required to lift the recording length limit


● Free trial
● 1-month license: $14.95
● 1-quarter license: $29.95
● lifetime license: $34.95

✨Recommends: ⭐️⭐️⭐️

#3. Soundloaders Spotify Downloader

Soundloaders is a pretty good Spotify to MP3 converter online free that does not require downloading extra apps. With it, you can put a Spotify link and download music from Spotify with a few simple clicks.

But before you use Soundloaders Spotify Downloader to get your favorite Spotify songs converted, please pay attention to a few things. This Spotify to MP3 online website does not always work stably. Since it sometimes fails to detect and analyze Spotify URL to MP3 online, then it may randomly download the wrong songs. Besides, the output audio quality is compromised, which will affect your listening experience.

soundloaders spotify to mp3 converter online free

How to Use Soundloaders Spotify Downloader

Step 1. Open the Spotify app or web player. Find liked Spotify songs and copy the URL of the wanted Spotify music.

Step 2. Visit Soundloaders in a web browser and paste the link of the Spotify track to the search box. Then click the "Search" button to find the download source.

Step 3. Now, click the 'Download song' button to download and convert Spotify link to MP3 online. All downloads will be saved on your computer automatically with the help of the Spotify music converter online free.

● Download Spotify URL to MP3 online even without a Spotify account
● No need to download and install any additional programs
● Free to use on computers and mobile devices

● Only support the MP3 output
● Low-quality output audio
● Need to download MP3 from Spotify one by one


● Free

✨Recommends: ⭐️⭐️⭐️

#4. Spotify-downloader

Spotify-downloader is an all-in-one Spotify to MP3 converter free online. With it, you can download from Spotify web player to MP3 online without installing any apps and extensions. One better advantage it has over Soundloaders is that it supports converting playlists or albums.

However, this online Spotify converter free also has some disadvantages. There are many spam ads on this home page. And it forces you to watch ads before you export Spotify MP3 files.

spotify downloader online

How to Use Spotify-downloader

Step 1. Enroll in the operation of copying the URL of Spotify tracks, playlists, or albums. Then paste it to the URL bar in the interface online.

Step 2. Then, tap on the "Submit" > 'Download' button to start the Spotify music downloading process with all ID3 tags retained. After that, please hit on the 'Save' tab to save Spotify MP3 files online.

● It is free to get Spotify mp3 download online
● Support Spotify playlist/album links

● The sound quality is limited
● It doesn't support Spotify Podcast and Artist link.
● Unstable and have some ads


● Free

✨Recommends: ⭐️⭐️⭐️

#5. SpotifyMate

SpotifyMate is also a Spotify playlist to MP3 converter online free tool. It can help you download from Spotify online without installing extra apps. With it, you can get the best quality Spotify music in MP3 file format. It will be constantly updated to provide the best experience for users. Whether you're on your phone, computer, or tablet, you can use it through your web browser.

You can also place links to Spotify playlists or albums. But you can't download an entire Spotify playlist or album at one time, you need to download the songs in the playlist or album one by one. Also, podcasts and audiobooks on Spotify are not available to download.

spotifymate spotify mp3 converter

How to Use SpotifyMate

Step 1. Open the Spotify app or its web player. Then copy the URL of a Spotify track, playlist, or album.

Step 2. Visit the official website of SpotifyMate. Then paste the URL and click on 'Download' to convert Spotify songs to MP3 online.

● Available for Google Chrome on Android and Safari on iOS
● Straightforward user interface, easy to use

● The download process may crash
● Have annoying advertisements on the online website


● Free

✨Recommends: ⭐️⭐️

#6. Aiseesoft Free Online Audio Recorder

Aiseesoft Free Online Audio Recorder is capable of recording high-quality sound from computer and microphone by doing a few clicks online. So, you can use it to download Spotify playlist to MP3 online for free from your computer's sound card.

It has a music library to preview, edit, and delete recording Spotify tracks. So, you can control your Spotify music collection better and easier. But it has many limitations, such as limited MP3 output format only, no audio editing function, no hotkey available, etc.

aiseesoft spotify to mp3 online converter

● It's free to record audio from Spotify and other streaming services
● Support Spotify playlist/album links

● No advanced audio editing feature
● Record Spotify music in real time


● Free

✨Recommends: ⭐️⭐️

How to Use Aiseesoft Free Online Audio Recorder

Step 1. Go to its official website, and then tap the big 'Start Recording' button to install a small Launcher on your computer.

Step 2. Choose the destination audio source and play Spotify music via Web Player online.

Step 3. Hit on the 'REC' button to rip and convert Spotify music to MP3 online free. When you click the 'Stop' icon, you can preview and save all Spotify MP3 files on your desktop.

#7. Leawo Music Recorder

Leawo Music Recorder is a typical audio recorder, which adopts traditional recording technology. You can use it to record any sound from any source, including a built-in input device, computer sound card, and microphone. So when you play Spotify playlists online on your computer, it will automatically record and save them as MP3.

It is also capable of preset recording intervals to automatically split Spotify MP3 tracks online. Leawo Music Recorder allows to set recording start and end times for getting MP3 from Spotify instead of waiting for Spotify MP3 recording to end before a computer. But the output Spotify quality could feature some noise and you can't perform other operations while using this online software.

leawo spotify to mp3 converter

How to Use Leawo Music Recorder

Step 1. Launch Leawo Music Recorder from your computer desktop. Then hit on the 'Audio Source' to select 'Record Computer Audio' as the target audio source you will record from.

Step 2. Navigate to Spotify Web Player online on your web browser and then play your favorite Spotify songs. Now, simply press the red ' Start' icon to record Spotify music to MP3 in real time.

Step 3. Once done, you can visit all Spotify MP3 audio recordings by clicking the 'Media' > 'Library and Playlist' option. If necessary, you can edit recorded Spotify MP3 audio.

● Add Spotify MP3 files to iTunes directly
● Edit Spotify music info manually and manage Spotify music library easily

● The Spotify quality is not ideal.
● It's time-consuming while ripping Spotify to MP3 online.
● Only support MP3 and WAV output formats


● Free trial
● 1-year license: $19.99
● lifetime license: $29.99

✨Recommends: ⭐️⭐️⭐️

#8. AudKit Spotify Music Converter

AudKit Spotify Music Converter is a versatile format conversion tool for Spotify free and premium users. It removes Spotify's protection restrictions and converts Spotify song to MP3, FLAC, WAV and more online. This way, you can access Spotify MP3 music on any device and player you want for unlimited enjoyment.

In terms of conversion speed, this excellent tool is capable of converting at up to 5X faster speed. To better suit your listening habits, it enables you to customize Spotify output parameters. In addition, its batch conversion function greatly improves conversion efficiency.

audkit spotify to mp3 converter

How to Use AudKit SpotiLab

Step 1. Find the Spotify playlists you wish to convert to MP3. Then drag and drop songs from this playlist into the main interface of this converter directly.

Step 2. Go to the menu icon and select the 'Preferences' and 'Convert' buttons. At this point, you can set the Spotify output format to MP3.

Step 3. Press the "Convert" button and it will automatically download from Spotify to MP3 online. When finished, click the "Converted" button to locate the Spotify MP3 file in your local folder.

● Not compromise any sound quality
● Support batch conversion of Spotify music, playlists and albums
● Retain or edit Spotify ID3 tags and metadata information
● Run at 5x faster speed on Windows computers

● Free trial version will only convert the first 1 minute of each Spotify track


● Free trial
● 1-month license: $14.95
● lifetime license: $49.95
● family license: $69.95

✨Recommends: ⭐️⭐️⭐⭐️

#9. AlltoMP3

Completely available for Windows, macOS, GUN and Linux, AllToMP3 is an open-source desktop application. It can convert and download Spotify music, YouTube Music, SoundCloud, Deezer Music into 256kb/s MP3 format with original ID3 tags.

It is designed with a clean user interface, which makes it accessible for anyone to convert Spotify songs to native MP3 files without breaking a sweat. What's more, it's an online Spotify to MP3 converter free that accomplishes the conversion task in just 2 simple steps. It needs to point out that AlltoMP3 doesn't download MP3 from Spotify music library but matches the same song in YouTube videos and downloads them. So, it can't download all Spotify songs and sometimes will crash suddenly.

alltomp3 spotify music converter free

How to Use AllToMP3

Step 1. First of all, download and install AllToMP3 on your computer. Then, double-click to launch it. Thereafter, go to the Spotify app and find songs from Spotify music library.

Step 2. Copy and paste the URL of your selected Spotify song into the link box on AlltoMP3 main screen. Next, press the "Enter" button to start downloading. Once done, locate your Spotify MP3 music files in the destination folder.

● Works with many streaming music apps such as Spotify, Deezer, SoundCloud
● Compatible with Windows, Mac, GUN, and Linux systems

● Slow conversion speed
● There is loss of output audio quality
● Unstable operating process


● Free

✨Recommends: ⭐️⭐️

#10. Audacity

Audacity is actually a free and open-source audio recording software for Windows, Mac, Linux and GNU operating systems. It is able to record any sound that is playing on your computer in real time, including music from the Spotify streaming platform.

With it, you can easily capture audio from Spotify and save it to your device in MP3 format. Therefore, many users consider it to be the best free Spotify music converter online in their minds. But the operating process of recording Spotify with Audacity is not easy for novices.

audacity free spotify to mp3 converter

How to Use Audacity

Step 1. Launch Audacity and tap the "Edit" icon in the top left. Select the "Device > Host > Windows WASAPI" button.

Step 2. Tap the "Recording" section and uncheck the "Software Playthrough" option.

Step 3. Press the red 'Record' icon to start playing the Spotify Music you wish to record. When the recording is complete, hit on the 'Stop' icon and select the 'File > Export > Export as MP3 > Save' option to get the Spotify MP3 track.

● Record any sound playing on your computer, including Spotify music
● Save Spotify songs as MP3, WAV, AIFF, FLAC, etc

● Output audio quality is compromised
● Not easy to use for new users
● Unable to download Spotify albums and playlists


● Free

✨Recommends: ⭐⭐️⭐️

#11. Fildo

Fildo is one of the top online Spotify MP3 converter free for Android. It can not only offer music in the form of generated playlists for listening, but also freely download entire playlists and charts for offline playback. If you are a mobile fan using an Android device to explore Spotify, Fildo is a great choice not to be missed.

fildo spotify to mp3 converter free android

How to Use Fildo

Step 1. Go to the official website, then download and install the Fildo APK files on your Android phones or tablets.

Step 2. Launch Fildo and hit on the 'More' tab to select the 'IMPORT SPOTIFY' option.

Step 3. Authorize your Spotify account by typing the user name and password. Once done, all playlists in your Spotify library will show up in this Android tool.

Step 4. Now, you can easily download Spotify files to MP3 on Android devices online by clicking the dots on the right of the song.

● Free and easy to use
● Download the entire Spotify playlist to MP3

● Not available on Google App Store
● Prone to many faults
● Only output MP3 files


● Free

✨Recommends: ⭐️⭐️⭐

#12. SpotiFlyer

SpotiFlyer is a handy tool dedicated to downloading songs from popular music streaming platforms such as Spotify, SoundCloud, YouTube Music and many others. In addition to Android, it is available on multiple platforms, like Windows, Mac and Linux. As a Spotify to MP3 converter free online for Android, it works mainly by recognizing Spotify song links to convert Spotify playlist to MP3 files on Android phones.The quality of the output sound depends on the quality of the original sound. In general, it's only about 128 kbps.

spotiflyer spotify to mp3 converter android

How to Use SpotiFlyer

Step 1. Download and run SpotiFlyer for Android on your Android phone.

Step 2. Search for your favorite song in the Spotify app, copy and paste its link into the download bar on the SpotiFlyer main screen.

Step 3. Click the "Download" button to grab and download Spotify as an MP3 audio file.

● Download and save Spotify as MP3 for free on many platforms
● Download the entire Spotify playlist to MP3

● Low sound quality of downloaded music
● Sometimes it does not work


● Free

✨Recommends: ⭐️⭐️

#13. Siri Shortcuts

For iPhone or iPad users, it is able to get support from Siri Shortcuts, an automated application. It is the successor to Workflow and has the ability to easily download and convert Spotify link to MP3 on iOS devices.

It is fully compatible with iOS 13 and above. You just need to visit the link in Safari or Firefox, download it and add it to your shortcuts app. However, it is worth noting that the output quality of the downloaded Spotify music will be a little low at 128Kbps.

spotify to mp3 converter free iphone shortcuts

How to Use iPhone Shortcuts

Step 1. Copy the Spotify playlist link and run the Shortcuts at the same time.

Step 2. It will automatically download and convert playlists from Spotify on your iOS devices.

Step 3. Go to the Files app and click "iCloud" > "Shortcuts" > "Music" to check the Spotify MP3 downloaded files.

● Free to use
● Available for iOS devices

● Cannot download specific Spotify songs
● The output quality of Spotify music is limited to 128kbps


● Free

✨Recommends: ⭐️⭐️

#14. Spotifydl

Spotifydl is a specially designed best Spotify to MP3 converter online for all iOS users. Due to Apple's strict system, many people find it difficult to convert Spotify's format on iOS devices, but Spotifydl is very easy to use and can help you deal with this problem.

spotifydl spotify mp3 converter iphone

How to Use Spotifydl

Step 1. Download and install Spotifydl on your iPhone.

Step 2. Copy and paste the URL of the Spotify playlist, select the songs you prefer and tap the "OK" option.

Step 3. Go to "File" > "iCloud Drive" > "Shortcuts" > "" to find the converted Spotify MP3 music.

● The simple interface makes it easy to use

● ID3 tags and metadata information cannot be saved
● Sometimes it's unstable


● Free

✨Recommends: ⭐️⭐️

Part 3. Not Working Spotify to MP3 Converter Online Free [Don't Use]

#1. DZR

DZR Music Downloader is a free Spotify downloader Chrome extension. It can download music from Spotify, SoundCloud, Deezer and other streaming music platforms to local MP3 files in high sound quality.

The very nature of the Chrome extension's utility makes it very easy to use. No installation is required, it will automatically bring you into the Spotify online player. All you need to do is add DZR Spotify Music Downloader to your Chrome, then run it to extract Spotify files to MP3 online for free with one click. The downloading process may take some time because DZR Music Downloader only supports downloading a single Spotify song. But now, you can't find the Chrome extension on Chrome Web Store anymore.

dzr spotify mp3 converter online free

#2. Spotiload

Spotiload (also known as Spotify VK Downloader) is another free online Spotify to MP3 Converter Chrome extension. As an open-source Chrome extension, it enables users to download MP3 from Spotify playlists online for free. Spotiload is available for Windows, Mac and Chrome OS and automatically detects tracks on with the same name as the song in Spotify web player. Then you can download the same audio file without any hassle.

Note that it can only download Spotify tracks available on Simply put, it does not support downloading all songs in the Spotify directory as MP3. And the output audio quality may be far from satisfactory. Now, it's no longer available.

spotiload spotify to mp3 converter chrome extension

#3. MP3fy

When you visit the MP3fy website, you will find that it claims to be the best online YouTube converter instead of an online Spotify converter. When I copy and paste the Spotify link to this URL box, it says invalid URL. That's to say, it can't do Spotify to MP3 conversion online. So, just don't waste time and pass it.

mp3fy online spotify downloader

Part 4. Comparison of 14 Best Spotify to MP3 Online Converter

Here are the top 14 best working Spotify to MP3 converters online. If you still can't be determined to choose one from them, you can take a glance at the key features of the software and make the right decision.

Easy Operation Output Quality Conversion Speed Batch Conversion No Ads Customize Output Quality Keep ID3 Tags
AudFree Spotify Music Converter 100% lossless 5X
AudFree Audio Capture up to 320kbps 1X
Soundloaders Spotify Downloader Low quality 1X
Spotify-Downloader Low quality 1X
SpotifyMate Low quality 1X
Aiseesoft Free Online Audio Recorder Low quality 1X
Leawo Music Recorder Low quality 1X
AudKit Spotify Music Converter up to 320kbps 5X
AlltoMP3 Low quality 1X
Audacity Low quality 1X
Fildo Low quality 1X
SpotiFlyer Low quality 1X
Siri Shortcuts Low quality 1X
Spotifydl Low quality 1X

Top 14 best Spotify converters online cover from professional converting software to online freeware. Generally speaking, AudFree Spotify Music Converter remains the best, for the reason that it specializes in downloading Spotify music to MP3 without quality loss at a lightning speed.

Part 5. FAQs about Online Spotify to MP3 Converter

Q: What Is an Online Spotify to MP3 Converter?

A: It's an online website or program that allows users to download Spotify songs, playlists, audiobooks, podcasts, albums, etc., and save them as MP3 files so as to play Spotify tunes on any device.

Q: Why Need a Spotify to MP3 Converter Online Free?

A: Regardless of whether you are a free or Premium member, Spotify limits your ways of listening to Spotify music and playlists. All songs and playlists can be playable inside the Spotify app on compatible devices.

To break this restriction, using an online Spotify music converter is an ideal solution. By doing this, everyone can easily transfer and play Spotify tracks anywhere offline.

Q: Is It Legal to Use a Spotify to MP3 Online Converter?

A: Yes or no. In some countries, using an online MP3 converter for Spotify without the permission of the copyright owner will violate Spotify's terms of service. But it could be OK if you use it for personal use and don't distribute Spotify MP3 beats.

Q: Which Online Spotify to MP3 Converter Can Download Podcasts or Audiobooks?

A: Most Spotify online converters only work with music tracks from Spotify. But AudFree SpoDable can support both Spotify podcasts and purchased audiobooks well.

Part 6. In Conclusion

Among our top 14 Spotify to MP3 converters online, you can choose the one that suits you best. If you want a professional and safe software for long-term use, choose AudFree Spotify Music Converter. If you just want to convert a few Spotify to MP3 online without installing extra apps, choose Soundloaders, Spotify-downloader, SpotifyMate, and more. For those who want an MP3 converter for Spotify for Android and iPhone, choose Fildo, SpotiFlyer, Siri Shortcuts or Spotifydl.

Aug 15, 2023 7:30 PM

Updated by Charles Davis to Spotify Tips


AudFree SpoDable

Download Spotify songs, playlists, audiobooks, and podcasts to MP3, etc. with ease.